Eritrea has three distinct regions.
The temperate central portion, where Asmara lies,
is situated on a rocky highland plateau, which separates the two desert regions.
These mountains fall away to reveal the eastern lowlands, characterised by the searing heat and humidity of the Eritrean salt pans, lapped by the Red Sea.
To the west of the plateau stretches a vast arid desert area, extending over an opaque border into Sudan and the empty Sahara beyond. It is this desert that Eritrean refugees have to cross to reach the relative safety of the Sudanese refugee camps. Thousands make this journey every year.
This is a prison, military camp, and military training complex, which trains conscripts and holds draft evaders, Pentecostal conscripts, and those trying to flee the country. Some prisoners are held in metal shipping containers, which become unbearably hot. Prisoners are beaten with wire flex.